Poland is located in Europe and is a member of the European Union.
38,482,919 (July 2009 est.)
0–14 years: 15% (male 2,964,995/female 2,802,278)
15–64 years: 71.6% (male 13,713,078/female 13,845,251)
65 years and over: 13.4% (male 1,966,406/female 3,190,911) (2009 est.)
Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Byelorussian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other 0.7%, unspecified 2.7% (Census 2002)
Religion in Poland
Roman Catholic 89.8% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3% (Census 2002)
Most Poles, by far, adhere to the Christian faith, with 89.8% belonging to the Roman Catholic Church. Catholicism plays an important role in the lives of many Poles and the Roman Catholic Church in Poland enjoys immense social prestige and political influence. The church is widely respected by both its members and nonmembers, who see it as a symbol of Polish heritage and culture.
The rest of the population consists mainly of Eastern Orthodox (about 506 000), Jehovah's Witnesses (about 220 000) and various Protestant (about 159 000, with about 76 000 in the largest Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Poland) religious minorities.
According to the most recent Centre for Public Opinion poll published in the fall of 2008;
* 94% of Poles claim "they believe in God",
* 6% claim they "do not believe in God or do not know",
* 52% of believers claim "they attend to mass, religious meetings etc. at least once a week",
* while 17% do so "once or twice a month",
* 18% do so "a few times a year",
* and 13% "never do so".
The Polish Constitution and religion
According to Poland's Constitution freedom of religion is ensured to everyone. It also allows for national and ethnic minorities to have the right to establish educational and cultural institutions, institutions designed to protect religious identity, as well as to participate in the resolution of matters connected with their cultural identity.
Religious organizations in the Republic of Poland can register their institution with the Ministry of Interior and Administration creating a record of churches and other religious organizations who operate under separate Polish laws. This registration is not necessary; however, it is beneficial when it comes to serving the freedom of religious practice laws.